New Papers from the Office of Disease Prevention

The papers, which provide the most detailed and carefully validated analysis ever conducted of the NIH prevention research portfolio, help inform the conversation about the appropriate level of NIH support for prevention research.

The first paper, "NIH Primary and Secondary Prevention Research in Humans During 2012-2017", reports the ODP’s analysis of the NIH prevention research portfolio. Key findings include:

     – An estimated 16.7% of projects and 22.6% of dollars awarded by the NIH through research grants or cooperative agreements during fiscal years 2012-2017 supported primary and secondary prevention research in humans, together with related methods research. 

     – Most prevention research projects included an observational study (63.3%) or an analysis of existing data (43.4%), while many fewer included a randomized intervention (18.2%).

The second paper, "A Machine Learning Approach to Identify NIH-Funded Applied Prevention Research", describes how they – with their colleagues in the NIH Office of Portfolio Analysis – developed and validated a novel machine learning approach to more accurately identify applied prevention research projects funded by the NIH.